In emerging technology ethics requires an understanding of what they are. New technologies are new, innovative and evolving; They will have a major socio-economic impact. They use new concepts, methods and approaches and cannot be assigned to existing technologies. They promise new and potentially better solutions to problems. They are still in development because they have produced few goods and applications and few are commercialized and widely used. They are expected to provide significant economic value and activity, altering or transforming education, healthcare, transportation or retail.
Source: Tech World Updates
New technologies are being developed faster than ever before, all of which are designed to make human existence easier and safer. However, many of the new technologies raise moral issues.
For example, – Embryonic Stem Cell (ES) Research: ES stem cell research is considered a panacea for many chronic noncommunicable diseases and a way to repair broken tissues and organs. Human rights defenders, religious leaders and others have raised ethical concerns about using embryos (early life stage) for research, as they are no longer treated as a mass of cells.
The potential to create clones of humans and individuals with the necessary genes has drawn serious criticism on ethical fronts such as B. interpersonal interactions, and this has led to a moratorium human cloning.
advantages of genetically modified plants These include increased insect resistance, higher yields, and other benefits. However, there are a number of concerns about the invasiveness of such species, which could lead to biodiversity loss and pose unknown health risks to consumers.
AI: Machines and robots programmed with artificial intelligence are designed to perform tasks that humans can do just as well, if not better. However, some fear that machines may one day surpass human intelligence and use us as slaves. Scientists like Stephen Hawking have warned against searching for aliens by sending signals into space due to the possibility that aliens are more advanced than us and could use humans as slaves or perhaps destroy humanity. Due to their lack of empathy, self-driving cars and UAVs could endanger human lives and invade people’s privacy.
IPR Problems were highlighted in relation to 4D printing, namely self-repairing and self-destructing devices. Genome-based medicine raises questions about privacy and the potential for blackmail. Smart Drugs: Dopamine monitoring machines that automatically refill the chemical when it runs low. Fears that people become emotionally uncontrollable.
Challenges in new technologies
Technology is ubiquitous and its use is growing rapidly. Every day new products and services appear and others become obsolete. Technology and innovation create ethical problems. Data mining, privacy invasion, data theft and workplace surveillance are critical.
Today, practicality and efficiency are the primary metrics by which we judge technological advances. Occasionally, however, the motivations of the people who developed the technology are also taken into account. Case in point: the problem of algorithmic bias in AI systems like Google’s DeepMind. The faces of African Americans were not recognized as accurately as those of Caucasian Americans by a US artificial intelligence system unveiled in 2015. The developer of the AI system, Google, immediately made efforts to fix the problem.
From a teleological point of view, we should move on with this broken AI system. According to the 2010 Census, 72 percent of the United States population is White (72.4 percent). Because of this, Google and the majority of American internet users would benefit from an AI system that can more accurately identify Caucasian American faces. From a deontological point of view, however, the method should have been rejected as it was probably not designed to identify people of all races.
Such technologically biased systems can also be used to discriminate against people based on their race, religion, gender, national origin or other personal characteristics. Human behavior is tracked across online platforms and mobile devices, opening the door to data theft and invasion of privacy. Personal information is sold without asking permission. Companies, political parties, extremist organizations, etc. modify this data to suit their purposes. The recent scandal with Cambridge Analytica and Facebook are good examples of this.
Source: Information Age
violation of privacy: The collection of personal data from citizens by governmental and private institutions can have unintended negative effects, such as: B. disclosure of private information or misuse of collected data.
Clinical trials in medicine and at the end of life One of the most important aspects of clinical trials is intent. Drug companies have risked the lives of poor people by conducting clinical trials with the express aim of making a profit. Cloning methods, genetic modifications, and other potentially life-saving treatments should be constantly monitored and monitored to ensure they are being used as intended by their creators.
Ethics in the age of new technologies
Innovations such as AI have enormous potential for change. But the ethics of these innovations must be based on a commitment to social justice. There needs to be an emphasis on the ethical foundations of any adopted technology, as well as a multidisciplinary and multi-stakeholder approach. Tech giants should set up an honest ethics committee to deal with any moral issues their wares raise.