Robotics in Dentistry: The Next Generation Technology

Thanks to technological breakthroughs, robots are now used in all research areas; Thanks to their ability to perform precision work without tiring, they have even found their way into dentistry. Hamilton dentist Dr. Moninder Tuli, chatted with us and provided us with information about the use of robotics in dentistry.

It is extremely amazing to see robotics being used in dentistry. The robot, a machine capable of mimicking life, is one of mankind’s most amazing inventions. Robots reduce human error, improve productivity and shorten the time it takes to complete a specific operation.

Even some jobs that are beyond human capabilities can be done by robots. With high accuracy and a focus on control, processing and feedback, it uses technology to improve the safety and quality of a wide range of jobs. Robots are used in all facets of our lives and can mimic a wide range of human characteristics.

Today, dentistry and artificial intelligence work together to efficiently and effectively perform a variety of dental treatments. This article discusses the use of dental robotics, including patient robots as well as robots used in endodontic treatment, oral surgery, implantology, prosthodontics, and orthodontics.

1. Robot for dental patients

Dental patient robots are designed to mimic real treatment scenarios with the aim of clinical experience for dentists and dentists and strengthen their clinical experience and skills with patients. They are commonly referred to as “phantoms”.

  • Showa Hanako is a lifelike robot capable of mimicking a variety of patients’ gestures and reactions, including sneezing, blinking, coughing, eye rolling, head shaking, tongue movement, and they may even get tired if they open their mouth for a long period of time. It can mimic the gag reflex, making it identical to a real patient. It was developed in Tokyo, Japan by Showa University with the help of robotics company Tmsuk.
  • In Japan, at the Advanced Telecommunications Research Institute, the Geminoid DK was created. It’s a remote-controlled robot that can mimic human facial emotions and various head movements thanks to cutting-edge motion capture technology.
  • The Nippon Dentistry University Kokoro founded Simroid, a revolutionary dental teaching robot, with the intention of judging the student’s attitude towards the patient while performing a treatment and not the ability. The robot can sense pain and communicate discomfort using gauges in its lips that suggest negative and wake up students. It has an artificial skin that can tear easily even if a patient’s mouth is held open. It also responds to instructions and questions due to its speech recognition ability, which allows students to improve their communication skills.

2. Microrobot Endo

This robot is designed to improve the accuracy of endodontic treatment and provide quality root canal treatment. The endo micro-robot performs the autonomous drilling, cleaning, shaping and three-dimensional lining of the root canal system using the latest computer-aided endodontic technology under the supervision of an online system and with the support of an intelligent system. It provides precise, error-free treatment and reduces dentist stress.

3. Operative robots

Robotics are used in oral and maxillofacial surgery to perform pre-programmed tasks in the operating room, including bone drilling and reaming, osteotomy cuts, plate selection and placement, and surgical planning. The robot is programmed interactively by the surgeon at the time of the operation.

4. Robotic dental implantology

The latest type of surgery that works with computers and allows implant placement guided by creating a 3D model of the patient’s jaw from the information of cone beam CT imaging. The robot is used to drill a jaw splint at the location selected by a drilling template created by planning software.

5. Tooth drilling robot

Recent developments in tactile technologies use tiny needles to penetrate the gums to locate the alveolar bone in a patient’s immobilized jaw. This information is then wirelessly transmitted to a computer and combined with CT scan information to create drilling instructions.

6. Robot arranging teeth

A special manipulator robotic system, commonly used in the field of prosthetic dentistry, is used to produce full dentures using a Canadian-made 6DOF-CRS robot. The entire process is performed using 3D virtual tooth alignment programming software.

7. Precise forms

Robotic technology is used to automatically bend orthodontic archwires into a precise shape. For the manufacture of orthodontic appliances, the SureSmile archwire bending robot is bending equipment that combines gripping tools, a resistance heating process and computers with CAD/CAM.

Advanced Technologies

Robotics and artificial intelligence are replacing humans with more advanced technologies. It is time for dentists and dental students to use these great robots in current clinical settings as they perform high standard work while requiring less chair time. If a patient consents and is receptive to up-to-date knowledge, robots will transform dentistry at an amazing rate in the future.

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