Covering the period from November 5, 2022 to November 11, 2022, this week’s list of top data news highlights includes articles on the opening of a fully autonomous burger restaurant and the use of a supercomputer to measure volcano plumes.
1. Detection of lung diseases
Researchers at the University of the West of Scotland have developed an AI system that can detect signs of pneumonia, tuberculosis and COVID-19 on X-rays of the lungs in minutes. In tests, the system was 98 percent accurate.
2. Launch of quantum computers
IBM has launched a quantum computer called Osprey with 433 qubits. The new computer has more than three times as many qubits as Eagle, the 127-qubit quantum computer the company launched last year.
3. Automation of public transport
The Israel Ministry of Transport, the Israel Innovation Agency and Ayalon Highways
An Israeli road construction company has teamed up to test autonomous buses for public transport. Over the next two years, selected bus companies will first test autonomous buses in test areas before integrating buses into local public transport.
4. Measurement of volcanic plumes
An international team of researchers has used a supercomputer and satellite data to determine the height of the volcanic plume of the Hunga-Tonga-Hunga-Ha’apai eruption, a massive eruption in the southern Pacific Ocean in January 2022. The team found it was 35 miles high making it the tallest volcanic plume ever recorded and the first cloud to reach the mesosphere.
5. Write code
GitHub, a US-based software development platform, has added an experimental language-based interaction system to its AI-powered coding assistant, Copilot. Programmers can now create or edit code by giving Copilot verbal instructions.
6. Delivery of goods using drones
Wing, a US-based drone delivery company, and DoorDash have partnered to deliver goods via autonomous drones in Logan, Australia. Customers can use DoorDash’s app to order goods from designated convenience and grocery stores and receive them within 15 minutes via drone.
7. Treatment of hair loss
Researchers at China’s Qingdao University of Science and Technology have developed a microneedle patch that can treat balding in patients with androgenic alopecia, a common form of hair loss. The team used an AI system to predict which chemical compounds might stop a cause of androgenic alopecia and added one of the compounds to the patch. In tests, mice treated with the patch grew thicker hair than mice treated with testosterone or minoxidil, two common treatments for balding.
8. Air quality monitoring
The Louisiana Environmental Action Network, a nonprofit organization dedicated to environmental research and advocacy, has launched a new project to collect air pollution data along the Mississippi Industrial Corridor, a region commonly referred to as “Cancer Alley.” Participants will use cars equipped with sensors to collect real-time data on air quality and pollution levels across the region at different times of the day. Researchers will then use the data to create maps showing exposure levels.
9. Editing product listings
PhotoRoom, a US-based photo editing software company, has developed a text-to-image system that can generate new backgrounds in product images and adapt them to e-commerce platform standards. Online merchants and retailers can use the tool to create product listings faster.
10. Cooking burgers
RoboBurger, a US-based autonomous burger restaurant, has opened its first college restaurant opening at St. John’s University in Queens, New York. The fully autonomous restaurant uses an AI system and robotic technology to grill patties, toast buns, dispense condiments, assemble burgers and clean its griddle.
Photo credit: Flickr user Stephen Holdaway