Top AMA Morning Rounds® News: Week of November 7, 2022

Read AMA Morning Rounds®’ The most popular stories in medicine and public health for the week of November 7, 2022 to November 11, 2022 12/11/2022.

The Washington Post (11/10, Cha) reports that researchers in a study of SARS-CoV-2 reinfection “said that a second, third, or more infection can lead to health complications, just like the first.” The in A study published in Nature Medicine included “an analysis of electronic medical records in the VA’s national health database” and “found that patients with reinfections, both during their initial illness and longer term, tended to have more complications in various organ systems, and they were more likely to that long-term COVID is diagnosed than in people who have not contracted any other infection.” These results “also apply regardless of individuals’ vaccination status or whether they have been boosted.”

Reuters (11/10, Lapid) reports that patients with reinfection “had more than double the risk of death and more than triple the risk of hospitalization compared to those infected with COVID only once.” They also “had an increased risk of problems with their lungs, heart, blood, kidneys, diabetes, mental health, bones and muscles, and neurological disorders.”

HealthDay (11/9) reports, “The risk of death from infective endocarditis (IE) in young U.S. citizens aged 15 to 44 doubled between 1999 and 2020,” the researchers concluded in results published online in a research letter im Journal of Internal Medicine. For the study, “Researchers characterized trends in mortality rates from IE among young US citizens (ages 15 to 44) and in relation to substance abuse using data on multiple causes of death from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention between 1999 and 1999 2000.”

A separate HealthDay article (11/9, Thompson) reports that investigators “attribute the increase in fatal heart infections to the growing number of people between the ages of 15 and 44 injecting opioids.”

CNN (11/8, LaMotte) reports, “Americans fail in their endless quest to get adequate sleep, leading to deficits that can impact health, according to a” study that “analyzed sleep data from over 9,000 Americans ages 20 and older collected by the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2017 and March 2020.” According to the study, nearly “30% of respondents had trouble falling asleep or staying asleep and about 27% were very sleepy during the day.” The published in JAMA Network Open Results also showed that “over 30% of adults reported an hour’s sleep deprivation…while nearly 1 in 10 adults were two hours or more sleep deprived.”

CNN (11/7, Howard) reports research that while a smaller percentage of teens use e-cigarettes, “those who start vaping start younger and use e-cigarettes more extensively.” According to the study, the percentage of teens who “only use e-cigarettes was less than 1% within the first five minutes of waking up in a day between 2014 and 2017, but that figure has shifted to 10.3% . from 2017 to 2021.” “Among adolescents currently using any tobacco product, the proportion using a product for the first time at a young age increased from 27.2% in 2014 to 78.3% in 2019 and stayed at 77%. in 2021.” The results were published in JAMA Network Open.

The Washington Post (4/11, Nirappil) reported that the US “continues to experience an unusually high and early rise in influenza and respiratory syncytial virus infections, straining a healthcare system trying to recover from the worst of the coronavirus outbreak.” to recover from the pandemic”. Though “new coronavirus cases have leveled off in recent weeks, federal health officials warned Friday they face elevated levels of other viruses that will be roared back as pre-pandemic life returns and many Americans, especially children, lack immunity.” . The CDC “issued a respiratory virus advisory to thousands of healthcare providers to support testing, treatment, and vaccination.”

The AP (11/4, Stobbe, Babwin) said, “Flu has already been widely reported in 17 states, and the hospitalization rate hasn’t been this high this early since the 2009 swine flu pandemic, according to the CDC. The article added: “So far there have been an estimated 730 flu deaths, including at least two children.”

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